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10th Class Chemistry Notes for Punjab Board (Carvan Book)

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Here you can download FREE 10th class Chemistry notes in PDF for the Punjab Board students, and the solution of Carvan Book, and you can view online without downloading anything. One of the best notes you can find ever.

10th Class Chemistry Notes

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CHAPTER 9: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

Chemical equilibrium is the state in which both reactants and products are present in concentrations which have no further tendency to change with time. The important topics are:

  • Differentiate between irreversible reaction and reversible reaction.
  • What is equilibrium constant?
  • What are irreversible reactions? Give few characteristics of them.
  • Define the Law of Mass Action
  • Why at equilibrium state reaction does not stop?
Do you know?
A chemical reaction is a process whereby the chemical properties of a substance are changed by a rearrangement of the atoms in the substance. - Encyclopedia

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CHAPTER 10: ACIDS AND BASES

The simple definition of an acid is that it is a material that produces positive ions in solution whereas a base provides negative ions in solution. The important topics are:

  • A solution of hydrochloric acid is 0.02M. What is its pH value?
  • Write a note on types of salt?
  • What are indicators, universal indicators, and pH meter?
  • Explain Lewis Concept of Acids and Bases with examples.
  • What do you know about Stomach acidity?
Do you know?
Milk has an acid called lactic acid.

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CHAPTER 11: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

The branch of chemistry that deals with carbon compounds (other than simple salts such as carbonates, oxides, and carbides). The important topics are:

  • What are functional groups? Give an example of Ketonic Group, Aldehydic Grup, And Carboxyl Group.
  • Who rejected the vital force theory and how?
  • What is dot and cross formula?
  • Define aromatic compound. Give an example.
  • What is the difference between n-propyl and isopropyl?
Do you know?
Carbon—with its four valence electrons—happens to be tetravalent, or capable of bonding to four other atoms at once. - Encyclopedia


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CHAPTER 12: HYDROCARBONS

Hydrocarbon is a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane etc. The important topics are:

  • Write down two ways you can prepare Alkanes with?
  • Write the preparation of Alkenes?
  • Write the uses of ethene?
  • Differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons?
  • Why the alkanes are used as fuel?
Do you know?
The hydrogen and carbon are bonded with non-polar covalent bonds. Because of its lack of polar covalent bonds, hydrocarbons cannot create hydrogen bonds with water and are hydrophobic. - Kidzsearch


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CHAPTER 13: BIOCHEMISTRY

Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. The important topics are:

  • Give the classification of carbodhyes.
  • Describe hydrolysis of sucrose
  • What is protein? Write its composition
  • What are amino acids with its general formula
  • Name the components of nucleotides in DNA
Do you know?
If you could type 60 words per minute, eight hours a day, it would take approximately 50 years to type the human genome. - Thoughtco

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CHAPTER 14: THE ATMOSPHERE



 The atmosphere is the whole mass of air that surrounds the Earth in simple words. The important topics are:

  • Write a note of Green House Effect?
  • How Ozone layer is depleted? Explain
  • What is the difference between primary and secondary pollution?
  • How acid rain is produced?
  • Justify ozone is beneficial to human beings.
Do you know?
99% of the atmosphere is made up of oxygen and nitrogen.

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CHAPTER 18: ENVIRONMENT CHEMISTRY II - WATER



Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. The important topics are:

  • How polarity of water molecular plays its role to dissolve the substance?
  • Explain hydrogen bonding in water molecule
  • How Hardness in water is caused? Explain
  • Why water is considered to tbe universal solvent?
  • How temporary hardness is removed by Clark's method?
Do you know?
27,000 trees are cut down each day so we can have Toilet Paper. - TheWorldCounts

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CHAPTER 16: CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES



The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. The important topics are:

  • Explain the process of roasting
  • What is the Solvay's process of manufacturing of sodium carbonate
  • Explain Haber's process
  • Give the advantages of Solvay's process
  • What are the differcnes between Diesel Oil and Fuel Oil
Do you know?
The Haber process uses a catalyst mostly made up of iron. - Kidzsearch

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Top Study World: 10th Class Chemistry Notes for Punjab Board (Carvan Book)
10th Class Chemistry Notes for Punjab Board (Carvan Book)
Here you can download FREE 10th class Chemistry notes in PDF for the Punjab Board students, and the solution of Carvan Book, and you can view online without downloading anything. One of the best notes you can find ever.
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