Essay On Quaid E Azam 2023 Urdu/English (200 & 500 Words)

Quaid-e-Azam is the most outstanding leader of our history. During the establishment of Pakistan, he was remembered as an influential leader who brought Islam from slumber by calling for Muslims to live according to Islam’s teachings without Hindu influence.

His real name was Muhammad Ali Jinnah; he was born into wealth on 25th December 1876 near Karachi, where he spent most days reading books about law at home. He collected all the Muslims on one platform. He created a spirit of unity and fought against Hindus and the British.

His battle was peaceful, but his enemies tried to purchase him with money instead of asking for peace or any other form of negotiation that would have ended in compromise rather than bloodshed; he remained unyielding when faced by these offers, which often included large sums from wealthy merchants as well as promises from higher officials who Britain himself had appointed.

A man filled with great determination, Jinnah worked very hard for Pakistan despite his failing health – even making numberless speeches demanding separation into an independent state where Islam could be practiced freely without fear under appropriate legislation guided not only towards Muslims but also their Hindu counterparts too according to equality before the law itself.

Essay on Quaid e Azam – 500 Words

Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the founder of Pakistan. He was a great leader with an ambitious vision for his people and their land, which he never stopped fighting to make happen – even from behind prison bars in London during WWII! Born on December 25th, 1876, in Karachi.

Mr. Poonja Jinnah‘s eldest son grew up being groomed as heir apparent by both parents; though it would be ultimately his father who sent him off at age 16 to study law abroad- first England, then later Lincoln Inn where Muhammad passed Bar-at-Law before returning home only two years later feeling fully qualified to take over managing family business interests when necessary but also ready open own legal practice if desired upon return Muhammad Ali Jinnah became one of. After four years of exile in London, Muhammad Ali Jinnah returned to his Bombay law firm.

He quickly became a successful lawyer and by 1900 was appointed magistrate for the region’s presidency. During this time, he noticed that while both Hindus and Muslims were united against England, it seemed like Hindu leaders had their interests at heart rather than those of India as a whole.

To join with other Indian groups who shared similar beliefs about British colonization – namely Muslim ones – Quaid-e-Azam left behind practicing law on behalf of Indians living abroad (a job which would be crucial later) so that he could take up leadership positions among organizations whose goals aligned more closely with what came to form Pakistan’s identity.

The Quaid-e-Azam, or “Great Leader,” was a human rights activist who dedicated his life to the liberation of Pakistan. He worked for Muslims in India and presented their concerns with fourteen eloquent points rejected by Congress.

His efforts did not go unrewarded; after enduring many hardships, he remained steadfast in achieving freedom for Muslim people, known as East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). During this time, Quaid’s speeches affirmed all aspects of what would become an independent state: its culture, language, economy – everything from top to bottom.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a thin and lean man but he had great qualities of head and heart. He overcame his frail body with determination, courage, faithfulness to the cause for which Pakistan would be created- namely that there should never again exist in this world any discrimination against Muslims on account of their being followers of Islam or because they live in a part of the world called Asia; nor will anyone have power evermore to humiliate them as long as they preserve these cardinal principles: Unity – Discipline – Faith.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah possessed all three attributes–unity, discipline, and faith. This drove him day after day towards achieving his goal-a a Muslim country where people are treated equally regardless if they were religious or not. 

He had a powerful, resolute voice and an unshakable sense of conviction. “An impossible man,” Gandhi called him. Then the Pakistan Resolution was drafted at Minar e Pakistan in Lahore in 1934, which was the backbone for Pakistan’s freedom struggle. He died on September 11, 1948.

Essay on Quaid e Azam – 850 Words

In Karachi, the great leader & founder of Pakistan, Quaid e Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, was born on December 25, 1876. 

Quaid-e-Azam was a great politician and well-known lawyer of his time. He was the son of a wealthy Gujarati merchant named Jinnahbhai Poonja. Before Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born, Poonja Jinnah moved to Karachi.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah fought for the freedom of the Muslims of the sub-continent. His achievements were recognized by the title “Quaid-e-Azam” (the father of the nation) by Maulana Mazharuddin.

Jinnah lived in Bombay with an aunt and may have attended the GokalDas Tej Primary School before going to the Cathedral and John Connon School. He participated at the Sindh-Madrasa-Tul-Islam and the Christian Missionary Society High School.

After completing his higher education in England, he was admitted to the Lincoln’s Inn law school in London.

His mother passed away during his stay in England. Within three years

He was invited by the advocate general of Bombay to join his bar and offered him 1500 rupees a month, which was a substantial sum a decade ago. 

Still, he refused this offer and stated that he would earn 1500 per day through his impeccable efforts. However, he set 1 rupee as his monthly salary as governor-general of a newly declared Pakistan. His character was sensible and reasonable.

As a member of the largest Indian political organization, Jinnah joined the Indian National Congress in 1906. He then joined the Muslim League seven years later.

He tried hard to bring Congress and the Muslim League together, but he realized that under the British and Hindus, the Muslims of the subcontinent were losing their cultural and social freedoms.

To create a state where Muslims could feel a sense of freedom, he began fighting for the independence of Muslims in British India.

In this freedom war, unity among Muslim organizations was the most critical factor, and we enjoy a state of independence and are free to practice our religion as we wish.

Pakistan was established due to the bloodshed of thousands of freedom fighters and Jinnah’s leadership. The country wouldn’t have existed without him.

A man of his words, he was always as firm as a rock in the face of enemies and never faltered. Gandhi’s title “Impossible Man” was given to Gandhi due to his determination over his policies.

In 1930, he became the authoritative leader of all the Muslims in the subcontinent, and he led the Muslim League from 1933 to 1935.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah founded Dawn, a newspaper significant for delivering the League’s perspective, in 1941. 

After becoming president of the Muslim League, Jinnah was drawn into a conflict between a pro-Congress and a pro-British faction. Jinnah believed the state of Pakistan should be based on authentic Islamic culture, civilization, and national identity rather than a theocratic interpretation of Islam.

Independence & Resolution:

The Muslim League wrote the Pakistan Resolution in Lahore in 1940, which was declared the backbone of the struggle for an independent Pakistan.

He sacrificed not for his business for the entire Muslim Nation but the Pakistan Resolution. His health was deteriorating day by day as he worked day and night.

His aggressive leadership and vigorous efforts resulted in Pakistan’s creation on August 14, 1947.

August 15, 1947, marked the first day of the rise of the independent state of Pakistan under Quaid-e-Azam. The new responsibilities were like a bed of thrones to him.

Jinnah is regarded as Pakistan’s founding father, a man devoted to safeguarding Muslim interests during the dying days of the British Raj. Most of the Pakistanis take Jinnah as a hero and an inspiration.

A Statesman:

If Jinnah’s stay in London was the sowing phase, the first decade in Bombay after returning from England was the germination stage, and the next decade (1906-1916) was the vintage stage; this was also the period of ideological thinking, as he was a romantic both in personal and political life. Jinnah came out of his shell. 

The limelight shone on him; he was blossoming as a lawyer and a politician. As a political child during the first decade of the century, Jinnah had become a political giant when Gandhi returned to India from South Africa. 

Since his early years in London, Jinnah has been fascinated by the world of politics. He was deeply impressed by Dadabhai, a Parsi from Bombay. 

When Jinnah returned to India, he entered the world of politics as a Liberal nationalist and joined the Congress Party despite his father’s anger at him leaving the family business. 

Jinnah attended the 20th annual session of the Congress in Bombay for the first time in December 1904. 

It was presided over by Pherozshah Mehta, a great admirer of Jinnah. Mehta suggested that two of his disciples be sent to London as Congress deputies at that time to observe the political arena there. 

A. Jinnah and Gopal Krishna Gokhale, whose wisdom and moderation he also admired, were his choices for the job.

Although he struggled with tuberculosis over the years, he never let it become a vulnerability, and he died on September 11, 1948, just 13 months after our motherland was created.

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اردو مضمون

محمد علی جناح پاکستان کے بانی اور بابائے قوم تھے۔ انھوں نے اپنی زندگی کا بڑا حصہ ہندوستان کی آزادی اور مسلمانوں کے حقوق کی جدوجہد میں صرف کر دیا۔ وہ ایک ہمہ جہت شخص تھے جو سیاست، قانون اور قوم سازی میں کامیاب ہوئے تھے۔ وہ اپنی قوم کو اکٹھا کرنے اور پاکستان بنانے والے سب سے بڑے قائدین میں سے ایک تھے ۔

جناح 1876 میں کراچی میں پیدا ہوئے اور ابتدائی تعلیم وہیں سے حاصل کی۔ وہ لنکن کالج سے گریجوایشن کرنے والے سب سے کم عمر وکیل تھے۔ آپ نے اپنے پیشہ ورانہ کیرئیر کا آغاز بمبئ سے کیا۔ انہوں نے 1905 میں آل انڈیا کانگریس کے ساتھ سیاست میں قدم رکھا اور 1910 میں امپیریل لیجسلیٹو کونسل کا حصہ بنے۔ وہ 1916 میں مسلم لیگ میں شامل ہوئے اور جلد ہی اسکی قیادت کرنے لگے۔ وہ برطانیہ، ہندوستانی نیشنل کانگریس، ہندوستانی مسلم لیگ کی جانب سے تقریریں کرتے رہے۔ وہ ھندوستان کی آزادی کے لیے برطانیہ پر دباؤ ڈالتے رہے۔

 جناح نے ایک پلیٹ فارم پر مسلمانوں کو منظم کرنےکے لئے خود کو وقف کردیا۔ انہوں نے ملک گیر دوروں کا آغاز کیا اور صوبائی مسلم رہنماؤں سے التجا کی کہ وہ اپنے اختلافات کو ختم کریں اور لیگ میں شامل ہو جائیں ۔ انہوں نے مسلم عوام کو اپنے آپ کو منظم کرنے اور لیگ میں شامل ہونے کی تلقین کی۔ انہوں نے گورنمنٹ آف انڈیا ا یکٹ 1935 کے حوالے سے مسلمانوں کے سیاسی جذبات کو ہم آہنگ کیا اور واضح سمت فراہم کی ۔

قائداعظم نے ہمیشہ واضح الفاظ میں دعوی کیا کہ “ہم ا یک قوم ہیں”۔ ہم اپنی مخصوص ثقافت اور تہذیب ، زبان و ادب ، آرٹ اور فن تعمیر ، ناموراقدار کے احساس کی حامل ا یک قوم ہیں۔ قوانین اور اخلاقی ضابطہ ، تاریخ اور کیلنڈر ، رسم و رواج اور روایت ، قابلیت اور عزائم؛ مختصر یہ کہ زندگی اور زندگی کے بارے میں ہمارا اپنا مخصوص نظریہ ہے۔ بین االاقوامی قانون کے تمام اصولوں کے مطابق ، ہم ایک قوم ہیں۔ 1940 میں پاکستان کے لئے مسلم مطالبہ کی تشکیل نے ہندوستانی سیاست کی نوعیت اور اس کے طریق کار پر زبردست اثر ڈالا۔

آپ کی انتھک محنتوں سے مسلمان متحد ہوئے اور یک زبان ہو قائداعظم کی پکار پر لبیک کہا اور تمام تر مشکل حالات اور دشمن کی مکاریوں کے باوجود انہوں نے پاکستان کی بنیاد ۱۴اگست ۱۹۴۷ کو ڈال دی۔ اس ملک پر یہ انکا ایک انمول احسان ہے جو ہمیشہ یاد رکھا جائے گا۔ قائداعظم جانتے تھے کہ یہ ملک بن گیا ہے لیکن اسکو بہت سے مشکلات سے نبرد آزما ہونا ہے۔

قائد اعظم محمد علی جناح نے 14 اگست 1948 کو اپنے آخری پیغام میں قوم سے فرمایا؛

آپ کی ریاست کی بنیادیں رکھی جا چکی ہیں اب یہ آپ پر ہے کہ آپ اسکی جلد از جلد تعمیر کریں جتنی جلد ی آپ کر سکتے ہیں ۔ پاکستان کے وجود میں آنے کے بعد انہوں نے سارہ بوجھ اپنے اوپرلے لیا ۔ جناح نے اپنی آخری سانس تک کام کیا ۔ رچرڈ سیمنز نے کہا تھا “پاکستان کی بقا کے لئے سب سے بڑا کردار جناح نے ادا کیا تھا” ۔ ان کا انتقال 11 ستمبر 1948 کو ہوا۔

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10 frequently asked questions about Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan:

  1. Who was Muhammad Ali Jinnah?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a barrister, politician and the founder of Pakistan. He served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until the inception of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, and then as the Dominion of Pakistan’s first governor-general until his death¹.
  2. When and where was Muhammad Ali Jinnah born?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born on December 25, 1876 in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (present-day Sindh, Pakistan)¹.
  3. What were Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s political affiliations?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah was affiliated with several political parties throughout his career. He was a member of the Indian National Congress from 1906 to 1920, the All-India Muslim League from 1913 to 1947, and the Muslim League from 1947 to 1948¹.
  4. What were Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s political views?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah advocated for Hindu-Muslim unity in the early years of his political career and helped shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League. He proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. However, by 1940, Jinnah had come to believe that Muslims should have their own state to avoid possible marginalization in an independent Hindu-Muslim state¹.
  5. What is Muhammad Ali Jinnah known for?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah is known for successfully campaigning for an independent Pakistan and becoming its first leader. He is known in Pakistan as ‘Quaid-I Azam’ or ‘Great Leader’³.
  6. When did Muhammad Ali Jinnah die?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah died on September 11, 1948 in Karachi, Federal Capital Territory, Pakistan¹.
  7. Where is Muhammad Ali Jinnah buried?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah is buried at Mazar-e-Quaid in Karachi¹.
  8. What did Muhammad Ali Jinnah study?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah studied law at Lincoln’s Inn in London, England and became a barrister¹.
  9. Did Muhammad Ali Jinnah have any children?
    Yes, Muhammad Ali Jinnah had one daughter named Dina Wadia¹.
  10. What is the significance of Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Pakistani history?
    Muhammad Ali Jinnah is considered the founder of Pakistan and played a crucial role in its creation. He is revered as a national hero and his legacy continues to shape Pakistani politics and society.


(1) Muhammad Ali Jinnah – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_Ali_Jinnah.
(2) Historic Figures: Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948) – BBC. https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/jinnah_mohammad_ali.shtml.
(3) Mohammed Ali Jinnah | Biography, Accomplishments, Religion …. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mohammed-Ali-Jinnah.

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