Chapter 2 – Making of Pakistan Notes is a concise summary of the historical events that led to the creation of Pakistan in 1947. It covers the main political and religious factors that influenced the demand for a separate Muslim homeland, the role of various leaders and organizations, and the challenges and achievements of the partition process. This note is useful for students who want to learn about the origins and significance of Pakistan as a nation.

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Here are the PDF and the Images if you don’t have a PDF reader on your device. These English notes of Pak Studies contain all the questions in your textbook: Federal Board and Punjab Board.

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Related9th Class Pak Studies Notes (For All Chapters in Urdu and English)


Pakistan was not created by accident. It resulted from a long and arduous process in which millions of Muslims made great sacrifices to achieve their goal. They aimed to have a homeland where they could live according to the tenets of Islam, free from Hindu domination and British rule.

The struggle for Pakistan was based on two fundamental factors. The first was the historical role of Islam in South Asia, a role that continued for about a thousand years.

In the subcontinent, Muslims were never a minority; even after partition in 1947, when Pakistan was carved out of India, there were more Muslims in India than in Pakistan.’

The second factor was the failure of the Hindus and Muslims to evolve an effective political partnership that would enable both communities to work together for the freedom and progress of their country.

As early as 1909, Allama Iqbal discussed having a separate Muslim state within India. In 1940, Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave substance to this idea by demanding the establishment of an independent homeland for the Muslims within India.

This demand was known as the Lahore Resolution (also called the Pakistan Resolution), and its object was achieved on August 14, 1947, when Pakistan came into being as a sovereign state.

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