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Essay on Allama Iqbal


 

Essay on Allama Iqbal - 300 Words

Allama Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, in Punjab, British India. He received early education in Islamic studies from his father and a nearby mosque. In 1895, after his family moved to Lahore, he enrolled at the Government College University (Lahore) and subsequently obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree. 

He is widely regarded as one of the most influential Muslim philosophers and poets of the 20th century. Famously referred to as the "Poet of the East", Iqbal is acclaimed as having inspired the Pakistan Movement, which led to Pakistan's creation.

His works include more than thirty books of poetry, including Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, and Bang-e-Dara, elegies such as Barrasi Kashmir, philosophical works such as The economics of the Indian (Hindustani) situation, and politics such as The Secrets of the Self. He also wrote short stories and four acts of poetic drama.

October 11, 1930, is a historic day in the history of Muslim India. On this day, Allama Muhammad Iqbal first came out with his immortal Iqbal Lahore address at the Allahabad session of the Muslim League. The wording of the address was concise and straight to the point. And its purpose was to convince and convert many Indian Muslims to agree to become part of an independent state that would be free from British domination and Hindu Sovereignty.

Iqbal died on Friday night, April 21, 1938. He had just turned 60 and was about to be nominated for the Nobel Prize. His was a turning point for Muslims of the subcontinent because, after his martyrdom, the situation changed. A new period started in the history of the Muslim political freedom struggle.

Essay on Allama Iqbal - 500 Words

Allama Iqbal is one of the most influential Muslim thinkers of the 20th century, and his poetry had a profound impact on Pakistan's freedom movement. He was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877, to a Kashmiri family that migrated from Afghanistan during British rule. He was the seventh child in his family. His name was Allama (scholar). He grew up in a religious family and was very intelligent as a child. Allama Iqbal's education began at home, under the supervision of his father. 

He is held in high regard in Pakistan and in India and among the Muslims of South Asia. His poetry has received international acclaim, while some have criticized him for being a political poet. The Sufi philosophy influenced his poetry.

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He is often credited as being the "spiritual father" of Pakistan. He has been called one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with both his poetic work and philosophical writings influencing generations of people across the globe. In 1908, Iqbal graduated as valedictorian from Punjab University Law College (now known as Quaid-e-Azam University). Upon graduation, Allama became an assistant professor at Government College Lahore, where he taught English literature and history.

He called for the independence of Pakistan and inspired the formation of the All-India Muslim League, which later led to Pakistan's creation. A prolific poet, Iqbal wrote in Urdu, Persian, Arabic, and English. He has been dubbed as the "Poet of the East", and the "Faiz of the West".

A lesser-known fact about the Father of Modern Urdu Poetry is that he was also a politician. Allama Iqbal, the man who wrote Pakistan's national anthem, was a member of the Indian National Congress and served as Minister of Education in British India for five years. He later joined Muslim League and became one of its most prominent leaders.

He is also considered one of the most important Urdu literature figures, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages. Iqbal is best known for his poetic works, including Asrar-e-Khudi, Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim, and a part of the Armughan-e-Hijaz. 

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Undoubtedly, he is one of the most revered and influential poets in South Asia. He is known for his poetic expression, which has been difficult to translate into English. His poetry was considered "revolutionary" because he called for a Muslim society that would be progressive and forward-thinking.

Allama Iqbal's concept of Pakistan was a central theme in his life. He believed that the British government had no right to rule over India and that a separate country should be formed for Indian Muslims.

Sir Allama Iqbal died on April 21, 1938, in Lahore, Pakistan. He was buried in the vicinity of the Badshahi Mosque. More than 20 million people attended his funeral procession. His popularity was like a flood in the hearts of people. Iqbal was an ardent Indian Muslim and expressed the need for a Muslim homeland in South Asia, known as Pakistan.

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