The 12th Class Physics Book is a textbook for intermediate students who want to study physics in depth. It covers topics such as electromagnetism, electromagnetic induction, alternating current, physics of solids, electronics, dawn of modern physics, atomic spectra, and nuclear physics. The book is published by the Punjab Curriculum and Textbook Board (PCTB) and is available in both English and Urdu mediums. Students can download the book in PDF format from various websites for free or view it online. The book contains illustrations, examples, exercises, and derivations to help students understand the concepts and applications of physics. The book is based on the latest syllabus and curriculum of the Punjab Board.
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Table of Content
The chapters of Punjab board 12th class physics book are as follows:
- Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields. This chapter deals with the basic concepts of electric charges, forces, fields, and flux. It also introduces the Gauss’s law and its applications.
- Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance. This chapter explains the concepts of electrostatic potential, potential difference, equipotential surfaces, and capacitance. It also discusses the energy stored in a capacitor and the combination of capacitors.
- Chapter 3: Current Electricity. This chapter covers the topics of electric current, Ohm’s law, resistance, resistivity, temperature dependence of resistance, electrical energy, power, and Kirchhoff’s laws. It also explains the Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge, potentiometer, and cells.
- Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism. This chapter describes the magnetic force on a moving charge, a current-carrying conductor, and a current loop. It also introduces the magnetic dipole moment, torque, and field. It also discusses the Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s circuital law, and solenoids.
- Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter. This chapter explores the properties of magnets, magnetic materials, domains, hysteresis, and Earth’s magnetism. It also explains the magnetic susceptibility, intensity of magnetization, and Curie’s law.
- Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction. This chapter introduces the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, and motional emf. It also explains the self-inductance, mutual inductance, energy stored in an inductor, and AC generator.
- Chapter 7: Alternating Current. This chapter deals with the concepts of alternating current, peak value, rms value, phase difference, and phasor diagram. It also discusses the AC circuits with resistance, capacitance, inductance, and impedance. It also covers the power factor, resonance, transformer, and LC oscillations.
- Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves. This chapter describes the nature and properties of electromagnetic waves. It also explains the Maxwell’s equations, displacement current, Hertz’s experiment, and electromagnetic spectrum.
- Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments. This chapter covers the topics of reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, lenses, mirrors, prism, dispersion, scattering, optical instruments such as microscope and telescope.
- Chapter 10: Wave Optics. This chapter explains the wave nature of light, Huygens’ principle, interference, diffraction, polarization, and optical path difference.
- Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter. This chapter discusses the dual nature of light and matter. It also introduces the photoelectric effect, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, de Broglie wavelength, Davisson-Germer experiment.
- Chapter 12: Atoms. This chapter describes the structure and spectra of atoms. It also explains the Rutherford’s model, Bohr’s model, hydrogen spectrum, energy levels, and quantum numbers.
- Chapter 13: Nuclei. This chapter deals with the properties and composition of nuclei. It also discusses the nuclear force, mass defect, binding energy, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, and radioactivity.
- Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits. This chapter covers the topics of semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, p-n junction, diode, rectifier, LED, photodiode, solar cell, zener diode, transistor, amplifier, oscillator, logic gates, and integrated circuits.
- Chapter 15: Communication Systems. This chapter explains the basic elements and types of communication systems. It also covers the topics of modulation, demodulation, amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, bandwidth, signal transmission, noise reduction, and digital communication.
More About the PDF
Size: 26 MB
Board: Punjab Text Book
Class: 12th Class
Publisher: Punjab Text Book Board Lahore
Download PDF Links for the Book Class 12th (Punjab Board)
Other Book Notes:
KIPS 9th class Physics Notes: https://www.topstudyworld.com/2017/05/9th-class-physics-notes-KIPS-chapter-8.html
Class 11th Physics Notes: https://www.topstudyworld.com/2020/04/11th-class-physics-notes.html