Does the plethora of websites and academies contesting over the official syllabus outline issued by the University of Health Sciences, Lahore, disturb you?

Are you unable to get hold onto the syllabus details for MDCAT so you may start your preparation for the test that matters the most to you right now? Worry not! We have the perfect solution to your queries and problems.

Below lies the entire course outline included in MDCAT by UHS. But first, let’s just have a brief overview of the division of marks for the test!

Sr. No. Subject No. of Questions
1 Biology 80
2 Chemistry 60
3 Physics 40
4 English 20
Total 200


Now, for the marking scheme!

Each MCQ containing 01 marks implies that every subject matters the same for the candidates and needs to be prepared with utmost dedication and hard work. A wrong or unattempted MCQ has no negative marking. Better, isn’t it?

Coming back to our topic, MDCAT Test Syllabus, let us break this down in the four subjects that the test assesses.


  • Time duration to attempt the paper shall be 150 minutes (2hrs 30 minutes)
  • Each question shall carry one mark with no negative marking

Don’t want to see the post? Download Instead.

[MDCAT Syllabus PDF Directly ##eye##]


  1. The Cell
  2. Biological Molecules
  3. Chromosomes and DNA
  4. Cell Division
  5. Variety of Life
  6. Bioenergetics
  7. Gas Exchange
  8. Transport in Plants
  9. Transport in Human
  10. Immunity
  11. Homeostasis
  12. Muscles and Movement
  13. Communication
  14. Reproduction
  15. Genetics
  16. Biotechnology
  17. Evolution

1. The Cell

  • Light and Electron Microscope (Magnification and Resolution)
  • Structure of Typical Animal and Plant Cell
  • Fluid Mosaic Model of Cell Membrane
  • Transport of Material across the Cell Membrane: Active transport, Passive transport,
  • Endocytosis and Exocytosis
  • Eukaryotic Cell Structures: Endoplasmic reticulum (RER & SER), Ribosomes, Golgi
  • apparatus, Lysosomes, Vacuoles, Centrioles & Microtubules, Mitochondria, Chloroplast
  • and Nucleus (nuclear membrane, nucleolus and chromosomes)
  • Prokaryotic Cell & Eukaryotic cell

2. Biological Molecules

  • Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides and Polysaccharides (Starch, Glycogen
  • & Cellulose)
  • Lipids: Triglycerides, Phospholipids and their functions.
  • Proteins: Amino Acids & Peptide bond formation, Structures of Proteins (primary,
  • secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures) and Globular & Fibrous Proteins
  • Nucleic acids: DNA, RNA and Types of RNA
  • Water: Heat of vaporization, Specific Heat Capacity and Solvent Action
  • Enzyme: Definition, Characteristics of, Mechanism of Enzyme Action Enzymes (Lock &
  • key model and Induced fit model), Factors affecting the rate of Enzyme Action, Inhibitors

3. Chromosomes and DNA

  • Chromosome: Nucleosome, DNA, Histone Proteins, Chromatids, Centromere and
  • Telomeres Gene as a Basic Unit of Genetic Information
  • DNA Replication: Hypothesis of DNA Replication, Meselson & Stahl’s experiment and
  • Replication
  • Transcription
  • Genetic Code
  • Translation

4. Cell Division

  • Cell Cycle: Interphase (G1, S and G2 phases), Mitotic phase and Cytokinesis
  • Mitosis: Process of Mitosis, Significance of Mitosis
  • Meiosis: Process of Meiosis and Significance of Meiosis

5. Variety of Life

  • Kingdoms: Protoctista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia
  • Viruses: Structure of Viruses
  • AIDS: Causative Agent, Modes of Transmission and Prevention & Control

6. Bioenergetics

  • Photosynthetic Pigments (Chlorophylls and Carotenoids)
  • Absorption and Action Spectra
  • Light-Dependent Reactions (cyclic and non-cyclic phosphorylation) and
  • Light-Independent Reactions (Calvin cycle).
  • Cellular Respiration: Glycolysis, Link reaction / Pyruvic Oxidation, Kreb’s Cycle (with
  • reference to the production of NADH, FADH and ATP) and ETC
  • Anaerobic Respiration and its Types (Alcoholic and Lactic Acid Fermentation).

7. Gas Exchange

  • Anatomy of the Human Respiratory System.
  • Transport of Respiratory Gases: O2 & CO2 and Role of Haemoglobin as Respiratory
  • Pigment.
  • Respiratory Disorders: Tuberculosis, Emphysema and Lung Cancer

8. Transport in Plants

  • Transport of Water and Minerals: Apoplast & Symplast Pathway and Cohesion,
  • Transpiration Pull / Tension & Adhesion
  • Transpiration, Factors affecting it and opening and closing of Stomata.
  • Translocation according to Pressure Flow Theory
  • Xerophytes

9. Transport in Human

  • Heart: Structure of heart, Cardiac Cycle, Control of Heart Beat, ECG and Blood Pressure
  • Blood Vessels: Arteries, Veins and Capillaries
  • Blood: Plasma and Blood Cells (RBCs, WBCs and platelets).
  • Lymphatic System

10. Immunity

  • Immune System and its Components
  • Types of Immunity
  • Vaccination

11. Homeostasis

  • Homeostasis
  • Thermoregulation in Mammals
  • Human Urinary System

12. Muscles and Movement

  • Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle
  • Mechanism of Skeletal Muscle Contraction; Sarcomere, Ultrastructure of
  • Myofilaments, Sliding Filament, Control of Actin-Myosin Interaction and Use of Energy
  • for Muscle Contraction.

13. Communication

  • Nervous Coordination in Mammals
  • Neurons: Sensory, Intermediate / relay and motor neurons
  • Reflex arc / Reflex action
  • Nerve impulse
  • Synapse
  • Hormones: Definition & Types of Hormones, Hormones of Islets of Langerhans (Insulin
  • & Glucagon) and Role of ADH in Osmoregulation.
  • Plants Hormones: Auxins, Gibberellins and Abscisic Acid

14. Reproduction

  • Gametogenesis: Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
  • Hormonal control of Human Menstrual Cycle (FSH, LH, estrogen and progesterone)

15. Genetics

  • Basics of Genetics: Gene, Locus, Allele, Gene Pool, Phenotype, Genotype, Homozygous,
  • Heterozygous, Dominant Allele, Recessive Allele, Complete Dominance, Codominance,
  • Linkage, F1 & F2 Generations, Mutation and Multiple Allele.
  • Gene Linkage: Crossing over and Recombination Frequency / Cross Over Value
  • Continuous and Discontinuous Variations
  • Punnet square, Test cross and Monohybrid & Dihybrid Crosses
  • Gene Linkage and Sex Linkage in Human (Haemophilia and Colour Blindness)

16. Biotechnology

  • Recombinant DNA Technology / Genetic Engineering: Principles of Recombinant DNA
  • Technology and its Application, PCR & Gel Electrophoresis and DNA Analysis / Finger
  • Printing
  • Gene Therapy
  • Transgenic Organisms (Bacteria, Plants and Animals)

17. Evolution

  • Theory of natural selection
  • Hardy-Weinberg theorem and factors affecting gene/allele frequency


  1. Physical Chemistry
  2. Fundamental Concepts
  3. States of Matter
  4. Atomic Structure
  5. Chemical Bonding
  6. Chemical Energetics
  7. Electrochemistry
  8. Chemical Equilibrium
  9. Reaction Kinetics
  10. Inorganic Chemistry
  11. Periods
  12. Groups
  13. Transition Elements
  14. Compounds of Nitrogen and Sulphur
  15. Organic Chemistry
  16. Fundamental Principles
  17. Hydrocarbons
  18. Alkyl Halides (Haloalkanes)
  19. Alcohols and Phenols
  20. Aldehydes and Ketones
  21. Carboxylic Acids
  22. Amino Acids
  23. Macromolecules
  24. Environmental Chemistry



  • Relative masses
  • Isotopes
  • Mole
  • Avogadro’s number
  • Empirical and Molecular formulae
  • Stoichiometric Calculations
  • Concentration units of solutions
    1. Percentage composition
    2. Molarity
    3. Mole fraction


  • Gaseous state
  • General Gas Equation (PV=n RT).
  • Liquid state:
    1. Evaporation
    2. Vapor pressure
    3. Boiling
    4. Structure of ice
    5. Lattice structure of a crystalline solid


  • Proton, Neutron and Electron
  • Distribution of Mass and charges
  • Deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons from given proton number
  • and nucleon number Shape of s, p and d- Orbitals
  • Electronic configuration
  • Ionization energy
  • Electron affinity


  • Ionic (Electrovalent) bond
  • Use the “dot and cross” model for:
    1. Covalent bonding
    2. Co-ordinate (dative covalent) bonding
  • Shapes and Bond Angles of molecules
  • Covalent Bonding.
  • Bond Energy, Bond length and bond Polarity (Electronegativity difference)
  • Intermolecular Forces (especially Hydrogen Bonding)
  • Interpret and Predict the effect of different types of bonding on physical properties of substances.


  • Concept of Energy changes during Chemical reactions
  • Use the terms:
    1. Enthalpy change of reaction
    2. Bond energy
  • Numerical Magnitude of Lattice Energy
  • Hess’s law to construct simple energy cycles.


  • Redox processes
  • Oxidation numbers of Elements.
  • Balancing chemical equations by redox method Standard electrode (redox) Potential
  • Standard Hydrogen Electrode
  • Methods used to measure the standard Electrode potentials of metals
  • Standard Cell Potential
  • Electrode Potential.
  • Construct Redox equations
  • Advantages of Developing the H2/O2 fuel cell


  • Rates of forward and reverse Reactions and Dynamic Equilibrium
  • Le- Chatelier’s Principle.
  • Deduce expression for Equilibrium constant
  • Calculate the values of Equilibrium constants
  • Calculate the equilibrium quantities
  • Conditions used in Haber process.
  • Qualitatively the differences in behavior of strong/weak acids and bases
  • Terms: pH, Ka, pKa, Kb, pKb, Kw and Ksp.
  • [H+ (aq)], [OH- (aq)], pH and pOH values for strong and weak acids and bases.


  • Rate of Reaction, Activation Energy, Catalysis, Rate Equation, Order of Reaction, Rate
  • Constant
  • Collisions
  • Enzymes as Biological Catalysts
  • Construct and use rate equations with special emphasis on
    1. Zero order reaction
    2. 1st order reaction
    3. 2nd order reaction
  • Half-life of a first-order Reaction Calculate the order of reaction
  • Calculate the rate constant
  • Name a Suitable method for studying the rate of a Reaction



Variation in the Physical properties of Elements Belonging to period 2 and period 3:

  • Atomic Radius
  • Ionic Radius
  • Melting Point
  • Boiling Point
  • Ionization Energy
  • Electronegativity
  • Electron Affinity
  • Electrical Conductivity
  • Oxidation States
  • Hydration Energy

Periodic Relationship in Binary compounds:

  • Halides (especially chlorides)
  • Oxides
  1. GROUPS:

The variation in the properties of group II and VII Elements:

  • Reactions of group II elements.
  • Thermal decomposition and solubility of compounds of group II elements
  • Properties of Halogens and their compounds
  • Reaction of Chlorine
  • Comparison of Oxidizing power of halogens
  • Uses of Halogens and compounds of Halogens

Chemistry of Transition Elements of 3d series:

  • Electronic Configuration
  • Variable Oxidation states
  • Uses as a Catalyst
  • Formation of Complexes
  • Colour of Transition Metal Complexes
  • Geometry and isomerism of complex ions with coordination numbers 4 and 6.

  • Nitrogenous fertilizers
  • Presence of Sulphur Dioxide in the atmosphere
  • Manufacturing of Sulphuric Acid
  • Sulphuric acid as Dehydrating agent and Oxidizing agent



  • The Organic compounds
  • Alkanes and Alkenes of lower masses
  • Nucleophiles, electrophiles and free radicals
  • Isomerism
  • Functional group and Nomenclature of organic compounds


Chemistry of Alkanes with emphasis on:

  • Combustion.
  • The Mechanism of free radical Substitution reaction.

Chemistry of Alkenes with emphasis on:

  • Preparation of Alkenes:
  • Reaction of Alkenes:

Chemistry of Benzene:

  • Benzene.
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions and the mechanism
  • Hydrogenation of Benzene ring.
  • Side chain Oxidation of Methyl Benzene (Toluene) and Ethyl Benzene.
  • Benzene ring by 2,4 Directing and 3,5 directing groups


  • Importance of Halogenoalkanes.
  • Reaction of Alkyl Halides:
  • Nucleophilic substitution reactions and mechanisms


Alcohols with reference to:

  • Alcohols: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.
  • Preparation of Ethanol
  • Reactions of Alcohols


  • Reactions of Phenol
  • Acidity of Water, ethanol and phenol


  • Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones.
  • Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones:
  • Nucleophilic addition reaction mechanism


  • Physical properties of carboxylic acids.
  • Reactions of carboxylic acids
  • Relative Acidic strength


  • General Structure of -Amino Acids found in Proteins
  • Amino Acids on the basis of Nature of R-group
  • Zwitter Ion
  • Acid base properties of Amino Acids
  • Peptide bond formation


  • Addition polymerization
  • Condensation polymerization
  • Structure of Proteins
  • Structure and function of Nucleic acid (DNA)


  • Air Pollutants
  • Chemistry and causes of Acid Rain
  • Ozone and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)


  1. Measurement
  2. Motion and Force
  3. Work, Energy and Power
  4. Circular Motion
  5. Oscillation
  6. Waves
  7. Light
  8. Heat & Thermodynamics
  9. Electrostatics
  10. Current Electricity
  11. Electromagnetism
  12. Electromagnetic Induction
  13. Deformation of Solids
  14. Electronics
  15. Modern Physics
  16. Nuclear Physics


Physical quantities, numerical magnitude and a proper unit.

International System of Units, SI base units of physical quantities, and their derived


Prefixes and symbols to indicate decimal, submultiples or multiples of both base and

derived units:

Errors and uncertainties

  • Systematic error and random error.
  • Fractional uncertainty and percentage uncertainty.
  • Assessment of total uncertainty in the final results (Understanding of total assessment

about addition and subtraction, multiplication and division & power factor).


  • Displacement, Distance, Speed, Velocity and Acceleration.
  • Velocity–Time Graph.
  • Equations of motion.
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion.
  • Momentum and law of conservation of momentum.
  • Force and rate of change of momentum.
  • Impulse and I = F t = mvf  mvi
  • Elastic and in-elastic collisions
  • Projectile Motion and its applications.
  • Moment of force or torque and use of torque
  • Equilibrium.


  • Work in terms of the product of a force and displacement in the direction of the force.
  • Kinetic energy K.E =1/2 mv2
  • Potential energy P.E = mgh
  • Inter-conversion of kinetic energy and potential energy in gravitational field.
  • Power in terms of work done per unit time and use power as product of force and
  • velocity P = Wt and P = Fv


  • Angular motion, angular displacement & angular velocity
  • Centripetal Force and centripetal acceleration
  • o F = mr2, F =2mvr
  • and ac = r
  • 2 and ac =2vr
  • Geostationary orbits.
  • Radian


  • Simple harmonic motion
  • Amplitude, Frequency, Angular Frequency, Phase Difference. Express the time period in
  • terms of both frequency and angular frequency.
  • Equations x=xosinωt, v = v0cosωt,
  • Motion of simple pendulum and relation.
  • Kinetic energy and potential energy during Simple harmonic motion.
  • Free, Forced and Damped Oscillations
  • Resonance


  • Progressive waves
  • Transverse and longitudinal waves
  • Principle of superposition
  • Stationary waves and wavelength of sound waves in air columns and stretched strings
  • Doppler’s Effect
  • Electromagnetic Spectrum


  • Interference of light waves, constructive and destructive interference.
  • Young’s Double Slit experiment, fringe spacing, dark and bright fringes.
  • Diffraction (basic principle)
  • Diffraction grating


  • Basic postulates of the kinetic theory of gases
  • Pressure exerted by gas and derive the relation
  • 2NmPV v3
  • Equation of state for an ideal gas as PV = nRT
  • 2NmPV v3
  • and PV = NkT and prove that K.E T for a single molecule
  • Internal Energy.
  • Specific Heat capacity


  • Coulomb’s Law
  • Electric field strength.VEd
  • to calculate the field strength.
  • Gravitational force and electric force.
  • Electric potential
  • The capacitance of a capacitor
  • Energy stored in the capacitor


  • Current
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Series and parallel Combination of resistors
  • Resistance and resistivity
  • Potential difference and e.m.f
  • Power dissipation in resistors.
  • Kirchhoff’s First Law as conservation of charge.
  • Kirchhoff’s Second Law as conservation of energy.
  • Potentiometer


  • Magnetic field
  • Force on current carrying conductor in uniform magnetic field
  • Force on a moving charge in magnetic field
  • Motion of charge particle in uniform electric and magnetic field.
  • e/m for an electron.


  • Magnetic flux
  • Faraday’s Law and Lenz’s Law.
  • Induced e.m.f and factors
  • Alternating current and use V = Vo sint.
  • Transformer and uses of S S P, P P S, N V I, N V I and practical transformer.
  • Period, frequency, peak value and root mean square value of an alternating current or voltage.


  • Stress, strain and Young’s Modulus
  • Tensile stress and strain
  • Hook’s Law
  • Elastic and plastic deformation of a material
  • Strain energy
  • Band Theory, valence band, conduction band and forbidden band


  • Half and Full wave rectification
  • Single diode for half wave rectification of an alternating current
  • Four diodes for full wave rectification of an alternating current
  • Operational amplifier and its characteristics


  • Energy of photon E = hf
  • Photoelectric Effect, Threshold Frequency and Work Function Energy.
  • Maximum photoelectric energy is independent of intensity whereas photoelectric
  • current is proportional to the intensity
  • Einstein’s Photoelectric equation hf = 12 mv2max
  • de Broglie wavelength and use
  • Discrete energy levels of the hydrogen atom and spectral lines.
  • Relation hf = (E2E1) Production of X-rays and features of X-rays tube.


  • Nucleus, nucleon number and charge number.
  • Radioactivity and emission of radiation.
  • Activity, Decay constant and relation Activity = N.
  • Half-life of radioactive substance and relation 1/ 2 0.693
  • Nuclear transmutation and conservation of mass, energy, momentum and charge
  • during nuclear changes.
  • Mass-defect, binding energy and relation E = mc2
  • Nuclear fission and fusion.
  • Hadrons, Leptons and Quarks.



The aim of the English section of MDCAT is to measure the applicants’ skills in English language and to evaluate how prepared they are for undertaking graduate studies in medicine in English. The test applies a common standard to everyone to be able to evaluate the preparation of the applicants from different sectors, regions and socio-economic backgrounds. The benchmarks for the test have been developed in the light of the curriculum used in HSSC and CIE. Since the students who take the MDCAT come from a wide range of educational contexts, the test comprises items that may be applied to a broadband of language competencies that are not exclusive to one particular type of curriculum.


  • To ensure complete alignment between the English curriculum used in various sectors at the HSSC and CIE level and the test items
  • To create a balance of items from different benchmarks of the English curriculum outlined for MDCAT
  • To make sure that difficult and ambiguous items beyond the scope of high school education are not included
  • To design the test specifications
  • To design, select, and arrange test task items


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